An ophthalmologist should examine diabetic patients’ eyes regularly. This involves a comprehensive examination of the eyes. Diabetic retinopathy, for example, can affect the eyes retinas, which is why these consistent check-ups are necessary.
Retinopathy is a common eye condition that affects people with diabetes. A yearly eye exam can identify early signs of serious eye diseases, which often cause vision loss. The importance of diabetes eye exams and what happens during them are important to know.
Examining the eyes of diabetics
The scope and length of a diabetic exam will be determined by the patient’s condition. It is the eye doctor’s job to determine which tests are necessary to evaluate and treat the patient.
When you have recently been diagnosed with diabetes, testing may differ from when you have had the disease for years. In this exam, signs of diabetic eye problems are detected. The eye exam will be more comprehensive if the doctor has previously detected signs of diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetes Eye Exams – Tests and Procedures
During a diabetic eye examination, they usually perform several tests. A visual acuity test will occur during the examination. This test determines the clarity of vision. Having diabetes can cause changes in the eyes ability to function and see.
To determine if the vision has changed since the last examination, the doctor may also perform a refraction test. A fundoscopy is another test, which involves dilating the pupils using eye drops. Several methods can examine the fundus, or back of the eye.
What they check during diabetic eye exams
Exams for diabetic eye health can detect eye health issues related to diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic macular edema are some of the eye conditions that will be detected during the testing.
In diabetic retinopathy, blood vessels in the eyes leak. When not treated, the leakage becomes worse and may eventually cause blindness. Diabetic macular edema results from macula swelling and causes blurry vision.
Why You Should Get An Eye Exam If You Have Diabetes
Eye exams are recommended for adults with type 1 diabetes five years after diagnosis and annually thereafter. Patients with type 2 diabetes should have their eyes examined as soon as someone diagnosed them.
Before conceiving, women with diabetes should schedule an eye exam. She should get the exam during the first three months of her pregnancy. Her next exam should be one year after she gives birth.
Routine diabetic eye examinations
It is recommended to have a diabetic eye exam annually after the initial examination. This helps monitor the health of the eyes. Eye exams for people without health problems differ from diabetic eye exams. People with diabetes may find routine eye examinations not to be ideal, as they might not specifically feel they need it. Although it is better to be safe than sorry as all the eye diseases you can have are pretty serious.
Diabetes usually affects the eyes first. Any eye problems can be detected and treated earlier when you visit an eye specialist. Contact Dr. Eric Medina for your annual check up!